Different species of Tigers
Different species of Tigers
We love tigers here at The Tiger Who Came to Tea, but they a very different type of animal to the one we see on stage! In fact there are loads of types of different Tigers in the wild as well.
The Tiger, among large cats, has the most varied size and typing even when compared to Leopards and Lions. Tigers have been around for over 2 million years, and there are around 4,000 Tigers in the wild today and almost 10,000 including those in captivity.
Within the Tiger species is a number of subspecies that are defined largely by where they live and what they look like. What kinds of Tiger are there?
Let’s take a closer look at a few different types of Tigers!
The South China Tiger
The South China Tiger is known by many names, including the Amoy Tiger, Chinese Tiger and Xiamen Tiger. However, its official scientific name is Panthera Tigris Amoyensis. This subspecies of Tiger is believed by many to be the original species from where all other subspecies came. Their stripes are broad and bold, spaced further apart than the other Tigers.
Sadly, this gorgeous sub species is under critical threat of extinction. In fact, some believe that it has only a few more years before it has died out completely as there are only an estimated 20 of these creatures left wandering the wild!
Siberian Tiger (or Amur Tiger)
Siberian Tigers are very muscular, packed with large heads and powerful forelimbs. Their colours vary from orange to brown and are splashed with white areas and black stripes. Their faces have long whiskers that are longer in male Tigers, but their ears are small and rounded with black markings that surround white areas called Ocelli, which are not decorative but actually contribute to communication within the species.
The stripe pattern is different in each Tiger. The markings are so unique, like human fingerprints, that researchers actually use them to identify a particular Tiger! The stripes could also be used as a means of camouflage, which is useful when they silently follow and pounce at their prey.
Indian (or Bengal) Tiger (Panthera Tigris Tigris)
The Bengal Tiger is found in India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan. India is home to the largest population, estimated to between 2,500 and 3,750 individuals, according to the Save the Tigers Fund.
While most Bengal Tigers have the coloration typically associated with their species, a recessive gene for coloration causes some to be cream or white in color instead of orange, according to the WWF. These "white" Tigers are rarely found in the wild.
The Panthera Tigris Corbetti, more commonly known as the Indochinese Tiger, can be found in several Asian countries such as Burma, Cambodia, Laos, China, Vietnam and Thailand. They are darker in color and smaller in size than Bengal Tigers but they are not lightweights either! They can grow to a maximum weight of 420 pounds for males and 310 pounds for females!
Indochinese Tigers prefer to live in forests in areas that are either hilly or mountainous. There aren't a lot of these Tigers anymore either sadly. The government estimates the subspecies population to be at a mere 350!
Malayan Tiger (Panthera Tigris Jacksoni)
The Malayan Tiger was only identified as being a separate subspecies from the Indochinese Tiger in 2004. It is very similar to the Indochinese Tiger, but is smaller in size.
Malayan Tigers are found in the tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests of the southern tip of Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia.
The subspecies "jacksoni" was named to honor Peter Jackson, the former Chair of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group.
Are you interested in Tigers and looking for fun things to do in Hamilton? For fun things to do in Hamilton come and join us to see Tiger Who Came To Tea live! If you’re looking for places to go in Hamilton then don’t delay and book your tickets today!
Hamilton Town House
Sunday 5th to Monday 6th of May